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3

Functions and values of

native plants and seed

Native landscapes contribute

to immediate and long-term

ecosystem benefits, such as:

>>

Achieving green building site design goals

>>

Benefit Monarchs and pollinators

>>

Enhancing natural beauty

>>

Increasing wildlife habitat

>>

Managing nutrient loading

>>

Managing stormwater

>>

Mitigating habitat impacts

>>

Providing public education

>>

Reducing operational costs and

long-term maintenance

>>

Restoring watersheds

Advantages of Native Vegetation

Native plants are species that are indigenous to a particular habitat within a specific bio-geographic region.

They have certain characteristics that contribute to their success. They:

> Are adapted to the region’s soil, hydrology, and climate

> Have evolved defenses to many diseases and insect pests

> Create deep and extensive root systems, which help

to stabilize the soil column and create an environment

favorable to building fertile soils rich in organic matter

> Absorb excess nutrients from runoff, enhancing infiltration

during periods of heavy rain as well as drought

> Provide habitat for butterflies, hummingbirds, songbirds,

and beneficial insects, to create greater biodiversity

Compared to Kentucky Bluegrass (item 10), native plants have deep and complex root structures.