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19

Pollinator landscapes

Aesthetics are an important factor when

choosing native plants for a site. Not all native

plant species fit every landscape. Follow these

simple fundamentals:

>

Place taller species in the back, stagger

bloom times, plant the same species

in groups.

>

Use edging and landscape fabric for

weed control.

>

Use plant plugs for planting beds.

>

On sites greater than one acre, planting

seed mixes can be more effective in

establishing native species

. Seeding instructions are on page 14 . Native landscape plants for pollinators

Forbs:

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Asclepias tuberosa

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Baptisia australis

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Coreopsis lanceolata

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Coreopsis palmata

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Dalea purpurea

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Dalea candida

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Echinacea purpurea

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Eryngium yuccifolium

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Eurybia macrophylla

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Filipendula rubra

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Liatris spp.

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Lobelia spp.

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Monarda fistulosa

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Oligoneuron rigidum

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Penstemon spp.

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Pycnanthemum spp.

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Rudbeckia fulgida

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Rudbeckia subtomentosa

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Zizia aurea

Grasses:

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Carex spp.

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Chasmanthium latifolium

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Juncus effusus

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Koeleria pyramidata

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Schizachyrium scoparium

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Sporobolus heterolepis

development has been cited by many research articles as a primary cause in the decline

of Monarch populations. It is critical to have enough of the appropriate habitat within

the flight range of pollinators to support a healthy population.

Supporting crop fertilization

Native pollinators provide a substantial benefit for crop production. According to a

wide range of research, insect pollination is responsible for the fertilization of at

least 75% of flowering plants and crops. The role of insects in moving pollen from

the stamen (male part of the flower) to the stigma (female part of the flower) leads

to fertilization that produces fruit and seeds for a wide variety of crops. Honey bees

provide the bulk of crop pollination in the US, but native bees also make significant

contributions to pollination estimated in billions of dollars annually.

Native plants that support pollinators

Homeowners, farmers and land owners, public entities, and private businesses can

support pollinators by including a diverse selection of native plants in projects. Native

plant diversity and pollinators have a positive impact in various conditions, including;

>>

Agriculture

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Corporate Campuses

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Erosion control

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Landfills

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Landscape design

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Mitigations

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Parks and golf courses

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Roadsides

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Stormwater control

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Utility corridors

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Wetlands

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Wildlife habitat

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Windbreaks

Native plant diversity is a primary component of a healthy native ecosystem. Native

plants are superior to exotic/non-native ornamentals and hybridized native varieties

because they flower during the natural time of the season and offer pollinators the

nutrition they need to remain healthy. Planting or maintaining a mixture of native plants

that will have different species flowering continually from early spring until late fall

is ideal.

See the Plant Material chart starting on page 35

with species information,

including flowering times.